The Social Contract or Principles of Political Right
Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
This work is a masterpiece of world political thought that confirmed the principles of people’s self-governance, freedom and equality and fraternity. It inspired political revolutions and revolts not only in France but across Europe. The key idea of the work may be defined that when stipulating laws corresponding to personal aspirations an individual shall have independence. Here Rousseau comes forward as a champion of democracy. According to him, only those societies are considered intelligent where each of the members takes part in the composition of laws that is to say that most important rights belongs to the people.
According to Rousseau the ultimate power belongs to people who enters into a social contract with the government and as a result state is created.
The right of self-governance of people is inseparable and absolute, and when the policies of government do not correspond with the interests of citizens, the people may by its will change the government of the country. These theses largely correspond with the provisions of the notion of modern “democracy”.